Philosophy is very complex in its essence but it always aims at the revelation of truth. Therefore, philosophic studies become the permanent quest of truth. The primacy of the reasonable justice is, according to Socrates, crucial in determination of what is right against willful or arbitrary authority. The philosopher suggests looking for the truth as the crucial and determinant element of justice because to make justice means to find the truth.
Otherwise, any decision would be unjust. At this point, it is possible to refer to his argument with Euthyphro concerning piety. Piety is a concept that implies the obedience to divine norms and rules and respect of gods. Therefore, he believes his actions are pious, i.
In response, Socrates questions and doubts in stories concerning gods. In such a way, Socrates challenges the essence of the argument of his opponent. Moreover, he steadily refers to examples concerning stories related to gods, which he believes to be inconsistent and incredible, whereas Euthyphro draws more and more examples of stories concerning gods, which he believes prove his position as being inspired by gods. Thus, Socrates uncovers that the concept of piety offered by his opponent is incorrect. In other words, the distinct feature of the reasonable method in search of justice is its objectivity and reliance on facts that are processed and analyzed by a reasonable mind.
In fact, Socrates insisted that people should look for the true value of their life that was possible only with the help of careful examination and reasonable research of human life, its purposes and value. Socrates stressed the importance of happiness, self achievement and fulfilling goals without hurting yourself or others. A person, who cannot find inner happiness or gain value, is living a life that is not worth living. In such a way, the life became purposeful and fruitful.
Otherwise, the life would be pointless and useless.
Essay on What Is Philosophy According to Socrates
Socrates had many enemies and was not well liked in the city of Athens. Eventually, these enemies put Socrates on trial. As Socrates believed in the person he was and knew he had done nothing wrong he chose not to flee Athens. Instead, he went to court and defended himself Better Essays words 3 pages Preview. However, the word "apology" in the title is not our modern understanding of the word. The name of the speech stems from the Greek word "apologia," which translates as a speech made in defense. The Apology SparkNotes Editors He begins his defense by saying that his prosecutors are dishonest, and that he will prove it Socrates was being prosecuted by Meletus for impiety because the young man believed Socrates was corrupting the youth of Athens.
Euthyphro was a religious expert who has gained a reputation. He was prosecuting his father for a series of charges for murder, which was considered a criminal moral case by the Greeks Socrates appeared as talented as a simple man, friendly in communicate, quick-witted and sharp in repartee, love people Athens, and especially respect truthfulness and honestly. There are 2 charges against Socrates in the Apology.
In the Athenian jury, an apology was composed of three parts.
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The first was the speech, which was followed by a counter-assessment, and then the final words. His intention during the apology was not to acquit himself from any accusations, but to ensure that he would be found guilty and hence be condemned to death. Yet, if he believed that his moral course was to achieve philosophical justice, virtue and truth by scrutinizing life to the fullest, it was not clear why he would give up his life for a crime he did not commit In Apology, Socrates- soon to be put to death- says he was placed in Athens by a god to render a service to the city and its citizens.
Yet he will not venture out to come forward and advise the state and says this abstention is a condition on his usefulness to the city Plato talks about everything to Socrates trail and to the moment of his death. In the book Socrates is accused of creating new gods, not recognizing the gods, and corrupting the youth with his ideas and beliefs. Through the four dialogues in which Socrates story is recorded we see him question justice in every aspect of life.
Through the four dialogues Socrates talks to Euthyphro who is on his way to pursue his father for murder Though there was repulsion in the application of thoughts of Sophists and Socrates, manipulation and unfairness seems to be the major born of contention among their views. Question of whether Socrates was a Sophist too have erupted in different platforms. After we have heard the accusers, whom said that Socrates corrupts the youth by criticising democracy and does not believe in gods, and makes the worse appear the better cause.
Apology, Plato I beg you to grant me a favor, please listen to a few words from me before making this decision. Socrates and I grew up alongside the Athenian democracy, and experienced her vicissitudes in the past seventy years Strong Essays words 2. Socrates knew that the questions he was asking were angering others, but philosophers must try to obtain knowledge at all costs. Socrates and Plato believed that the soul was the home to reasoning and the body was a mere obstacle that hindered the pursuit of true knowledge Better Essays words 5.
Upon living within our society, he would have had a grasp of what we value and want from life.
Essay on Socrates: A Great Philosopher - Words | Bartleby
Knowing about what his view of our society would most likely be, I believe that Socrates would defend himself and make a statement to our society by explain to us, are we only resent him due to our arrogance as found in the Apology and The Allegory of the Cave, how we must change our ways as a society by properly prioritizing our efforts to seek wisdom as seen in his conversation with Meno, and will ref Due to Socrates great thinking and open-mindedness he was accused by many but persecuted with two charges, which were brought against him.
In Apology Plato goes on to state the charges which had been set against Socrates, but while doing so Plato juggles the readers mind whether Socrates was guilty of any of these charges Socrates would rather die searching for the truth than live accepting what he considered a blatant lie. I like to think of myself the same way. I too would rather examine the wonders of life rather than accept what I am just told. I on the other hand welcome it with earnest anticipation and fervent enthusiasm His questioning, reasoning, and expertise in the Apology convey the amount of wisdom he endowed.
Through his statements, Socrates sounds like he contradicted himself, but rather, both statements made about obeying law and breaking the law are correct. Socrates said that he would obey the commands of the city, only if the commands were just. He should not be on trial, because he did nothing to invoke injustice upon himself He is so well known because of his method of questioning everything. He was a rather grotesque looking man but had all the youths of the society followed him, and hung on his every word.
He was hated by the elders of Athens for this. Socrates was set to a trial in front of males over the age of thirty who would decide his fate Socrates was a sophist, however we would never ask for pay. Socrates is examining the moral center of the man.
Evil can occur to an individual from the outside. Socrates a good, even innocent, man was sentenced to death. Other characters in history and even today are identified as good, but they still have evil occur to them. Socrates is not talking about an outside evil or harm occurring to a good person. He is examining the soul and what is morally evil and morally good The people were kept there in bonds that were designed to allow them to only what was in front of them by depriving them of the ability to turn their heads around.
One of the most important Greek philosophers in Western history, Socrates contributed to many theories, and impacted the field of ethics throughout his life. He was well known in Athens for his knowledge and teachings to the youth. He was the creator of Socratic irony and the Socratic method, both used to convey his lessons to the Athenians He lived before the invention of cars, television, smartphones, computers, the Internet; all things that have become fundamental to the way American society operates.
So how then, can any of his philosophical teachings pertain to society today. The culture gap is just too wide. Besides, had his teachings been significant, surely they would have been assimilated into the minds of people during the many centuries that have passed by since his times and consolidated in the human progr Strong Essays words 4. For evil to appear disguised as light, charity, historical necessity, or social justice is quite bewildering to anyone brought up on our traditional ethical concepts".
Evil should not have a place in the name or eyes of the law other than for the law to bring justice onto the evil which as been committed. The law is there to protect and provide equality and justice to all. People are equal. Each and every person has the ability to make their own decisions which ever way they choose to Free Essays words 4. Around the time of to A. Socrates existed as a stone cutter who had a passion for philosophy.
He taught many pupils, including the well-known philosopher Plato, and created a method of teaching called the Socratic Method. This new method of thinking encouraged people to question everything around them and invest in critical evaluation. One day Socrates was accused of corrupting the minds of the Athenian youth.
Was Socrates wrongly convicted, or was what the Athenians did just He is known for creating Socratic irony and the Socratic Method elenchus. Socrates was sentenced to death for refusing to obey the orders of the Athenian government to refrain from discussing philosophical questions with young Though the title was the Apology of Socrates, the text referred to the defense speeches of Socrates against the Athenian council.
At the end, Socrates was found to be guilty and was sentenced to death. However, the Athenian council was not acting justly because Socrates did nothing wrong as he had successfully developed a reasonable logic against the charges. I will address this notion through the analysis of the arguments and the logic that Socrates used to conduct his defense He used critical thinking to analyze life and created a socratic way of thinking. While Socrates was an important figure in history, Jesus Christ was also a major leader that changed the world with the introduction of Christianity.
While analyzing these two men through comparing and contrasting, there are significant similarities and differences regarding their teachings, trial and punishment, and their overall impact on the society Yet, they caused much trouble in the midst of their philosophizing. These philosophers, in the view of the political elites, were threatening the Athenian democracy with their philosophy. But why did they go against the status quo. What was their point in causing all of this turmoil. Plato and Socrates threatened the democracy as a wake-up call.
They wanted the citizens to be active thinkers and improve society. Conversely, Meletus was actually the person who corrupted the youth for two obvious reasons; he is ignorant and careless. First of all, there was no legitimate reason Socrates should have been brought to court and absolutely no reason he should have been found guilty Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is a well-known through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon.
Through his portrayal in Plato 's dialogues, Socrates has become renowned for his contribution to the field of ethics, and Socrates who also lends his name to the concepts of Socratic irony and the Socratic Method. However, philosophers strive to learn more and become more knowledgeable, so they do not care about the power and therefore will not abuse the power given to them.
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Further analysis of the allegory leads the audience to realize philosopher kings are not those who strive to attain knowledge but rather are those who are already knowledgeable The only death of comparable importance in our history is that of Jesus, with whom Socrates has often been compared to. The death of Socrates has always been controversial. The cultures of Graeco-Roman antiquity remain relevant not because we share the beliefs of the ancients, but because we continue to be preoccupied by many of their questions, worried by their anxieties, unable to resolve their dilemmas.
The trial of Socrates is the first case in recorded history when a democratic government, by due process of law, condemned a person to death for his beliefs Cephalus would have argued it is paying what is owed. Although Socrates would have said that justice is what gives you the advantage to be just and what gives you the disadvantage to be unjust The ideas one shall go on to discuss include how Socrates can be equated with the Sophists, as he too saw the importance of this discussion and education of the moral society, the pursuit of such education lead to hostility towards both the Sophists and Socrates, both of whom were accused of impiety and corruption of the youth.
One shall go on to argue against this interpretation ho This response was very confusing to Socrates because he recognized that he was not wise at all, and it troubled him for some time. Socrates then tries to refute the oracle by bringing a supposedly wise man from town to the temple to show the Pythian that he was wrong, but when they get there, Socrates realizes that the wise man was not wise at all, and neither of them knew a Socrates has brought about many theories of existence due to the mere questioning of daily attributes like the existence of learning. Though he never wrote anything, his soul source of knowledge about him came from one of his students, Plato.
Socrates was born in B. Socrates did not dispute the fact that the Sophists were wise people, however, he believed that they were ignorant of their own ignorance and were unwilling to accept this fact. First of all, I would like to describe who the sophists were. The sophists were great orators and great speakers. They were thought to use words of ambiguity and rhetoric when they spoke in public Socrates is as a person who is profoundly wise, a person who has understood planes of reality far higher than what is understood by most people.
He is depicted as one who has been outside the cave and who is no longer imprisoned by the illusions of the ordinary world. He is depicted as a skilled communicator who can ask people to question and examine even their most cherished assumptions. The Socratic Method is based on a dialogue between two or more people who may hold differing views, but wish to pursue the truth by seeking agreement with one another, Socrates used it quite differently in that he believed that knowledge was instinctive and could be brought out by means of skillful quest I will compare and distinguish them, by their trial, misdeeds through the view of society , law, justice and punishment.
Good Essays words 3 pages Preview. The scientific method is a modern day method used to test a theory. Of these, the main ideas that have endured with me and caused me to think broadly resulted from the pair of Greek philosophy texts that were read: The Trial and Death of Socrates and The Nicomachean Ethics. Plato believes in a harmonious society and state, and Aristotle believes in happiness and the mean of the extremes. Throughout the movie they make many different decisions that these philosophers may think are just or un-just for different reasons E a child was born who would grow to influence the world through his teacher, Socrates.
This child was Plato, who around B. The protagonist of this literature was Socrates whom to this day no one can claim with absolute certainty, backed with justifiable evidence, that Socrates was a real person. This is much similar to the situation with the Christian religion 's Jesus Christ, whom no one can prove with concrete evidence, was a real person because neither of these two famous idols ever wrote anything down if they truly existed Socrates was only guilty as charged because his peers had concluded him as such.
Crito has made arrangements to help Socrates escape from prison. Socrates is grateful to his old friend for his willing to help aide him in the escape. However, Socrates is quite willing to await his execution. Crito tries to change Socrates mind about escaping by presenting him with several arguments. The first is that if Socrates choices to stay, his death will reflect poorly on Crito.
The people will think that Crito did nothing to save his friend